Autoimmune Encephalitis is a condition that affects a person, not only psychologically, but it also has physical manifestations and effects. You, for example, end up losing weight simply from the thoughts of what it is doing to your body.
The condition occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly targets healthy brain cells, thus causing inflammation of the brain. You will display certain neurological and psychiatric symptoms, such as impaired memory and cognition, abnormal movements like tics, seizures, and balance issues, speech issues as well as vision issues. There may also be psychosis, aggression, panic attacks, inappropriate sexual behaviors, compulsive behaviors, fear or euphoria. The symptoms may appear erratic, but they tend to progress over a few weeks. You may end up unconscious, or in a coma.
Other common symptoms are hallucinating, psychosis, fainting, developing severe OCD, double vision and numbness on the forehead, arms and legs, as well as fear of touching or being touched. The handwriting will change, and speech will be a problem.
These symptoms tend to manifest in a short period, seeming to come out of nowhere. It is also easily misdiagnosed, where the burst of symptoms leads doctors down the wrong path, and they take a while to consider the presence of Autoimmune Encephalitis. The spread of info about PANDAS, PANS, and AE is not as well as it should be.
The severity of the condition also makes it a particularly dangerous one to contract. If there is a delay in its diagnosis and treatment, you may never fully recover. When diagnosed early, you can resume your normal life, with all bodily functions intact. Delays tend to leave you with several symptoms for life. Early diagnosis also helps one avoid the terrible phases and symptoms of the conditions such as fear, paranoia, and psychosis, and even an inability to recognize yourself.
The treatment protocol is, therefore, critical. It is recommended that as soon as a diagnosis confirms its presence, a patient undergoes a comprehensive treatment schedule. It needs to include the removal of the tumor that could be causing the autoimmune response, administration of steroids to minimize immune response and inflammation, plasma exchange to remove harmful antibodies from blood, and intravenous immunoglobulin to increase removal of antibodies, make it impossible to bind harmful antibodies, and also minimize that inflammatory response to antibodies.
The danger that such a condition carries is the misdiagnosis that is common, since there are other similar conditions, and also the symptoms require immediate attention, thus making it even harder to get to the bottom of the problem. Apart from that, the fact that not many doctors think of it leads to delays in its discovery, when it has already wreaked havoc on your body. There is a need for the spread of more info about this condition, to enable a better response in future cases.
There is also a need for the PANDAS, PANS and AE groups to spread their info and community to more regions. Should you suspect you have any of those conditions, it should be easy for you to get in touch and receive their assistance in getting the right medical attention.
You will learn more about what to do and how to handle such a case on this site.